1. What are Cookies?
Cookies are small text files that a website sends to your browsing device. These files are memorized in the browser’s corresponding folder when you visit the site, and are sent to the site at your next visit.
Cookies are used to improve your browsing experience, remember your saved preferences (username, password, etc.) and identify your tastes and preferences so as to manage the presence of targeted marketing campaigns and of services associated to your activity (newsletters, service alerts, etc.)
Limiting their use may affect the accessibility of the website’s contents during the browsing. You can pre-emptively block cookies or remove them from your browser’s cache at any time, however such actions may limit your access to the services of the website.
2. Types of Cookies
Session cookies are temporary files which are stored only as long as the browsing sessions is on and expire when the browser is closed. Session cookies allow the website to recognize you when you access a website, remember your preferences as you navigate between pages during a single browsing session and retrieve previously gathered information. The most common example of this function is the “virtual shopping cart” of e-commerce websites. When you browse through an online catalogue and select your items, the session cookie remembers all the items you put in the shopping cart until you are ready to checkout. Without the session cookie, the new page would not recognize the activities of the previous pages and your cart would always be empty.
Persistent cookies remain active also after you close your browsing session and allow the website to remember your data and user settings until your next visit. They ensure a faster and easier access, as you don’t need to login again.
Besides authentication, other website features made possible by persistent cookies include: language selection, theme selection, internal site bookmarks or favorites, among many others. The preferences you select on your first visit will be remembered thanks to the use of the Persistent Cookie at your next visit.
3. Third-Party Cookies
There are various types of cookies, some of which are called “third-party cookies”. These are used, for example, by a site which contains ads from a third-part server or website.
Operationally, the browser collects information fed from different sources so that all items appear on the same page, creating a cookie in the browser’s corresponding folder. All cookies can be removed directly from the browser settings, or by special programs (also free). It is also possible to preemptively prevent their creation. In the latter case some services of the site may not work as intended and the user may not be able to access a cookie associated with the user preferences, then the information would be displayed in the local form “wrong” or “not available”.
Google Analytics is a service offered by Google Inc. that generates detailed statistics about a website's traffic ad traffic sources. It's the most widely used website statistics service. Google Analytics can monitor the users who visit the site via external links such as search engines and social networks, as well as direct visits and reference sites. It also visualizes advertisements, pay-per-click, e-mail marketing and links on pdf files.
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Google Maps cookies are used by Google Maps (Google Inc.) to memorize your preferences when viewing maps (PREF) and to track our behavior (other cookies).
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Cookie Script may place a "cookie" in the browser files of your computer. This cookie does not collect information that personally identifies you as an individual (other than your Internet protocol address), but merely allows it to recognize your repeated visits.
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4. Cookies Security and Privacy Issues
Cookies are not viruses, they are text files that are neither interpreted by the browser nor running in memory. Consequently, they cannot replicate or spread to other networks to be replicated again. Since they cannot perform these functions, they fall outside the standard virus definition.
Cookies can be used for malicious purposes though. Since they store information about a user's browsing preferences and history, both on a specific site and browsing among several sites, Cookies can be used to act as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are well aware of this problem and routinely flag potentially malicious cookies.
5. Cookies on the website www.earlyhumanimpact.eu of the Department of Environmental Science, Informatics and Statistics of Ca’ Foscari University of Venice.
In line with the standard practice of most websites, the website www.earlyhumanimpact.eu could store cookies on your computer. By using this website, you consent to the use of these technologies.
6. Types of Cookies and Use and Activation Settings
Some cookies are indispensable for the core functionality of the website. Without these cookies you would be unable to browse the website and use some of its functions. Such “technical” session or permanent cookies allow the website to remember the information you provided from one page to the next. As these cookies are essential, disabling them may compromise, prevent or seriously limit your access to the website. These cookies do not collect information that personally identifies you, unless you register on the website and then navigate to a restricted area after the login.
7. Profiling cookies and navigation detection (statistics and website optimization).
We use third-party profiling cookies to analyze the way visitors use our sites and to monitor their access. This allows us to offer a high-quality experience, customizing our offer on the basis of pages visited by users.
For example, we may use these kinds of cookies to track pages that are more popular, to identify the most effective connection method for the pages and to determine the cause of any error messages.
These cookies do not collect information that identifies the user. All the data collected are aggregated and made anonymous and used purely to improve use of the website.
How to enable or disable cookies
Please be aware that disabling cookies may affect the proper functioning of this website.
You can select / unselect individual cookies directly from the browser.
Below you will find information regarding the most common browsers.
To find our what browser you are using, click “?” on the top of your browser’s window, then click “About” to visualize the relevant information you requested.
Internet Explorer Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0, 7.0, 8.0
Go to “Tools” in the menu bar, click on “Options”, then click on “Privacy Tab”. Make sure to set the slider to Medium or below in order to enable cookies on your browser. The settings above Medium will disable the cookies.
Google Chrome (last version)
Click on the icon on top-right corner of your window and select “Settings”. Click “Show advanced settings”. In the "Privacy" section, click the Content settings button. In the "Cookies" section, the option “Allow local data to be set”. To disable cookies, select "Block sites from setting any data.", "Block third-party cookies and site data" and “Delete cookies and other site and plug-in data”
Go to “Tools” in the menu bar, click on “Options”. Click on “Privacy tab”, the select “Accept Cookies From sites”. If you wish to disable cookies, unclick the box.
Click on the gear-wheel icon at the top-right corner of the window, then click “Preferences”. Once in the Safari preference window, click “Privacy”, then select the option “Block third-party and advertising cookies”. If you wish to completely disable cookies, select the option “Never”.
How to disable cookies from a smartphone or tabletiOS
Touch the iOS “Settings” icon on the home screen, then select the icon “Safari” from the menu. In the “Block Cookies” screen, select “Always” to disable them entirely. To activate the “Do not track” function, go back to Settings > Safari, then enable “Do not track”.
Android - Browser Chrome
Open the menu at the top-right corner (three-dot icon) and scroll down to “Settings”, followed by “Content Settings”, then unclick the box “Accept cookies”.
To activate the “Do not track” function, go to Settings > Privacy, then enable “Do not track”.
Android - Browser Firefox
Open the menu at the top-right corner (three-dot icon), then tap “Settings”. Click on “Cookies”, then select “Disabled” if you wish to disable them entirely, or on “Enabled, excluding 3rd party” if you want to disable only third-party cookies. You can also put a check mark next to “Tell sites that I do not want to be tracked”.